Smart Cities

The concept of a “smart city” initially focused on urban improvement capitalizing on digital and ICT innovations. However, lately, greater attention has been paid to the distributional effects of smart cities on people, places, and the planet. While digital innovation is still the basis for the concept, the need to spread the benefits across the different segments of society has been stressed. The OECD’s definition of smart cities describes them as initiatives or approaches that effectively leverage digitalization to boost citizen well-being and deliver more efficient, sustainable, and inclusive urban services and environments.